THE OHIO VALLEY-GREAT LAKES ETHNOHISTORY
ARCHIVES: THE MIAMI COLLECTION
It is noted that the following work from the Miami Archives should be read and considered within the historical context in which it was composed and printed. The opinions expressed and the language used do not reflect the opinions or standards of the Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, but are, rather, indicative of thought in that historical moment during which the document was published.
(June 4, 1764)
Grant, James in: (Enclosed in Gladwin
to Gage, June 11, 1764), Gage
Papers, American Series,
William L. Clements
June the fourth 1764- Mr Langdoc who ariv'd yesterday from Ouiattanon, inform'd Coll Gladwin that the nations these about are all quiet & easy- The Ottawa nation is on the Miamee River working at their Corn fields and divided in two Bands the first (or Pondiacs) are with Mohikan two leagues above the first Rapids, which Rapid is about Six leagues from the Lake. there are about twenty two or twenty three Cabans from Six to eight men each. The Second Band is with Makatapanici and are about five or Six Leagues higher up, both bands on the Right hand Shore going up. In the last Band there is about five or Six Cabans-
NB. There are about Six Chippawa Cabans with the first Band.
On tuesday the 5th June 1764. Mr Jadeau told me in the Presence of Coll Gladwin & Lieut: Hay of the 6 Regt That one Lesperance a Frenchman, on his way to the Illinois saw a Letter with the Ottawas at the Miamee River he is sure was wrote by one Baptist Campeau (a Deserter from the Settlement of Detroit) and sign'd by Pondiac the Savage from the Illinois setting forth, That there were five hundred English coming there, and that they the Ottawas must have patience, that he Pondiac was not to return till he had defeated the English and then he wou'd come with an Army from the Illinois to take Detroit, which he desir'd they might Publish to all the nations about. That Powder & Ball was in as great Plenty as Water. That the french Commissary LaCleff had sold above forty Thousand weight of Powder to the Inhabitants, that the English if they came there might not have it.
There was another Letter on the Subject sent to an Inhabitant of Detroit but he cant tell in whose hands it is-
Jadeau further said that Lesperance told him that Pondiac on his way to the Illinois this Spring, at Miamee found some English Prisoners one of whom had beat a Chief of that place That Pondiac told them they must burn him and on non Compliance threatened to destroy their nation, on which threat That Prisoner was burned & another Shot-
NB. This Baptist Campeau was Pondiacs Secretary all last Summer-
Return to TOC, p. 17
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