THE OHIO VALLEY-GREAT LAKES ETHNOHISTORY
ARCHIVES: THE MIAMI COLLECTION
It is noted that the following work from the Miami Archives should be read and considered within the historical context in which it was composed and printed. The opinions expressed and the language used do not reflect the opinions or standards of the Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, but are, rather, indicative of thought in that historical moment during which the document was published.
(New York, Aug. 16, 1764)
Gage, Thomas in: The Letters and Papers
of Cadwallader Colden, vol. VI, 1923,
Collections of the New York
Historical Society for the
year 1922, pp. 341-342.
You will hear that Dispatches are arrived from Niagara, where near 2000 Indians were assembled; of which Number there were about 1600 from Susquehanna to make their peace also; upon the latter's giving up two Chiefs: That is, they are to deliver them, fighting Men. The Particulars of what was transacted there, are not come to Hand: I only know, that Colonel Bradstreet was obliged to remain there till they should move away for fear of accidents; and till another Peace was made with the Senacas; as it seems, the first they made they did not choose to keep: nor would they come in, till several Messages was sent to them, and threats of an attack upon them. They have now made another Peace, and brought in the Delawares, who were drove in the Spring which (page 342) the Chenussies [Geneseos] are to see done and they give two Chiefs as Hostages for the Performance, on the part of the Delawares.
I dont hear of above two Tribes, (exclusive of these Chenussies [Geneseos] and Delawares) of those who have been in arms against us, who attended the Congress. That News came from the Detroit, that the Ottawas, Powtew[a]tamies and Wiandots had sent in Prisoners and sued for Peace which Colo Bradstreet says, prevented his attacking them, and says He should have fallen on them, with great Hope of success, had He not been detained so long at Niagara. From which Detention, He had the opportunity to receive advice of those Nations making Peace. The Peace would perhaps have been more solid, had He had that good Fortune.
Colonel Bradstreet set out for Detroit, on the 6th of August; I suppose with Design to make some formal Peace, which shall, at least to appearance, be safe and lasting. For this sending in or Prisoners, now and then, they have amused us with over and over. And this He must do, or use his best Endeavors to destroy them. Sir William Johnson is returning with a number of Sachems. And about 500 Indians were to accompany Colonel Bradstreet. I am with great Regard
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