The following GBL Type Collections provide representative samples of specific times, places, and artifact types that function as accessible snapshots of a given collection. From Paleoindian projectile points to gun parts of the Historic period, these Collections cover a wide span of both time and place across America.
The Accession Type Collection is the largest and most diverse of the GBL’s type collections, creating a representative sample of the many artifacts housed here. Each of the over 12,000 GBL accessions is represented by a small number of artifacts in the Accession Type Collection drawers.
The Projectile Point Type Collection includes hundreds of complete points covering all periods of occupation from Paleoindian to Historic times. This type collection is primarily divided into 50 clusters and 5 regions, primarily representing Midwest types, but also including points from the Plains, Great Basin, California, Southwest, and the Pacific Northwest. This collection formed the basis for the Noel D. Justice's well-known publications on projectile point types which are now frequently referenced in professional archaeological research.
The Ground Stone Type Collection consists of 5 types of large lithic tools of various shapes, sizes, and functions. There are examples of: Axes, adzes, and celts, Utilitarian ground and pecked stone artifacts, Atlatl weights, Gorget and pendant types, and Other ground and polished stone.
The Ceramic Type Collection is currently being revamped by IU students and will eventually include samples of every ceramic type in the GBL collections. Currently, this type collection is divided into 7 principal types identified by region and style. These include Havana Hopewell, Oliver Phase, Indiana Ceramics, Illinois Ceramics, Decorative Modes, Northern Plains Ceramics, and Southeastern U.S. Ceramics.
The Historic Type Collection consists of major historic artifact types such as flint lock gun parts and lead glass beads, in addition to ceramics and bone and shell tools. Most of these artifacts originate from excavations at Fort Ouiatenon.
The Botanical Type Collection consists of several drawers of preserved flora remains collected from various locations around the Midwest and beyond. These primarily consist of seeds but also include bark samples and wood cuts.
The Angel Type Collection organizes the massive Angel Site record maintained by the GBL into various representative types. These include ceramics, chipped stone, ground stone, bone tools/objects, shell objects, and miscellaneous artifacts.
The GBL also houses a Lithic Type Collection that is currently being rehoused by IU students. For more information on this Collection, see the Midwest Lithic Repository.