Please contact the GBL at (812) 855-9544 or email@example.com to obtain information contained in the documents linked below in an accessible format.
Great Lakes and Ohio Valley Ethnohistory Collection
The Great Lakes-Ohio Valley Ethnohistory Collection (GLOVE), 1953-1966, is a unique assemblage of primary and secondary resources pertaining to the Native American occupancy of the region. These items were assembled in the 1950s by Indiana University professor, Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin and her eight-person research team to support the Great Lakes-Ohio Valley Ethnohistory Project. This U.S. Department of Justice funded research activity was responsible for the preparation of in-depth reports concerning American Indian land use and tenure. These reports were intended to be used in the government's defense against cases involving alleged treaty inequities and which were brought before the Indian Claims Commission, a body and a process authorized by federal legislation signed into law on August 13, 1946.
These materials cover history and land use of tribes and groups in the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes region from the 1600s until the late 1900s, and record the findings of the Indian Claims Commission.
A finding aid of the collection is located on Archives Online at Indiana University.
At this time our library and most of our archives are only available for on-site research. Please note that the materials are non-circulating. Researchers may visit Monday-Friday 10:00am-4:00pm, though prior appointments are suggested to ensure materials and staff are available.
To make an appointment, please fill out our Research Request Form and email it to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The collection is valuable for its original purpose of providing evidence for legal disputes of land and treaty violations; however, it is also an incredible resource for anyone researching American Indian or colonial history topics. The narrow focus on American Indian land use and occupancy may seem of limited value to some researchers, but many topics are inadvertently covered by these gathered documents.
For instance, many of the documents in the Tribal History Documents series of the GLOVE might only consist of 3 pages of a 200 page book or 1 page from a 5 page letter discussing travel, people, plants, and animals; the way that the collection was originally assembled provides a roadmap for studying Native history. Imaginative digital strategies are allowing us to highlight the full value of the information contained in the complex relationships within the collection by connecting our partial document to its original source. On the Indiana University Archives Online Finding Aid, researchers can find a link to an online Zotero bibliography digitally creating a library of resources by tribe. This process has only begun and will be continuing thorugh the rest of the series.
Click the following tribal names to be directed to their expanded finding aid:
This collection contains 469 linear feet of material separated into 9 series:
- Tribal History Document Series
- Microfilm Series
- Indian Claims Commission Series
- Reproduced Document Series
- Transcribed Document Series
- Tribal Indices
- Research Notes
- Indices to Project Sources
The Indian tribal groups include the Chippewa (Ojibwa), Delaware, Huron (Wyandot), Illinois, Kickapoo, Mascouten, Menomini, Miami (Miami proper, Wea, Piankashaw, Eel River), Ohio Valley Iroquois, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Sac, Shawnee, Sioux (Santee Dakota), and Winnebago.
The geographic area investigated by the GLOVE project include in whole or in part the present states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and North Dakota.
Documents cover the time period 1540-1957.